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  1. What is the estimated overall prevalence of ASD in the US population, according to the CDC?

    1. 10%

    2. 1 in 68 (this is the prevalence among children, but not the full population)

    3. 1%        <-- CORRECT

    4. 100,000

  2. Individuals on the autism spectrum are more likely to ______ than their typical counterparts

    1. Have epilepsy, hypertension, anxiety, and depression <-- CORRECT

    2. Smoke

    3. Eat healthy

    4. Obtain preventative healthcare

    5. Use ambulatory instead of emergency care

  3. The triad of impairments includes (select all that apply)

    1. Communication <-- CORRECT

    2. Social                   <-- CORRECT

    3. Gross motor

    4. Imagination       <-- CORRECT

    5. Memory

    6. Fine motor

  4. Challenges with theory of mind mean

    1. Difficulties organizing thoughts and processes

    2. Difficulties seeing things from someone else’s perspective <-- CORRECT

    3. Difficulties finding words to express oneself

    4. Difficulties processing incoming language

  5. Differences in sensory processing include:

    1. Difficulties organizing thoughts

    2. Difficulties seeing things from someone else’s perspective

    3. Aversions or attractions to lights, sounds, touch, vestibular, proprioceptive, etc. <-- CORRECT

    4. Difficulties in intellectual ability

  6. Why is it important to analyze/investigate unusual behaviors?

___Behaviors should be seen as a method of communication. Getting to the root cause of the behavior is key to helping the client.  Changes in behavior can indicate things like pain, hunger, sleepiness, sensory issues, etc. _______

 

7. Important accommodations for autistic individuals in healthcare include [select all that apply]

  1. Use of concrete/literal language                   <-- CORRECT

  2. Limiting visitors/caregiver involvement

  3. Monitoring environmental sensory input   <-- CORRECT

  4. Giving lengthy verbal explanations

  5. Maintaining close body proximity

  6. Using social narratives or video modeling  <-- CORRECT

  7. Extra time and patience                                  <-- CORRECT

8. Rewrite the following statement into more concrete language: “I just need to grab this vital sign; it will take me a second”

 

Example: "I will check your blood pressure using this cuff."

9. The Incredible 5-point scale is primarily used to:

  1. assess the patient’s level of consciousness

  2. assess/communicate the caregiver’s frustration with the patient

  3. assess/communicate an individual’s emotional regulation                <-- CORRECT

  4. assess/communicate an individual’s ability to process verbal language

10. List a minimum of 3 ways you can help accommodate patients on the autism spectrum in your own clinical environment

Examples:

Allow caregivers to remain, if patient desires

Provide developmentally appropriate teaching

Provide sunglasses when bright lights are needed

Minimize alarms/ audio interruptions

Write the day's schedule on the white board

Arrange for a quiet waiting area

Provide warnings before transitions

Use visual aids